The 2016 report – which comprises research among UK private sector employers and employees – has a particular focus on employees aged over 50, following the end of compulsory retirement and with the first anniversary of the ‘pension freedoms’ approaching.
In particular, the Aviva Report survey asked people what age they hoped they would retire at, before they turned 40. Now, aged over 50, more than one in three (36%) admitted they would be retiring later than they thought – by an average of eight years. Among those who will now retire later than hoped, the report found a variety of reasons for people to postpone their retirement plans:
Not saving enough into a pension – 46%
The amount available through the state pension – 32%
I have debts to pay off (including mortgage) – 24%
Feeling that I still have a lot to offer at work – 21%
The level of enjoyment/satisfaction I get from my work – 20%
My employer wants to keep me on – 13%
Position of my partner – 13%
I have children who need financial support – 8%
I have elderly relatives who need financial support – 1%
Other – 10%
None of these – 3%
Don’t know – 2%
The Working Lives report also reveals a gap between employers’ and employees’ views on the impact of the pension freedoms, as the first anniversary of their introduction in April 2015 approaches. Over one in five (22%) employers think the freedoms could result in their employees having to work longer to make up for a shortfall in savings if they use part of their pension before retirement. At the same time, almost one in three (32%) employers are concerned they will lose valuable skills because people will retire earlier due to the freedoms.
However, these fears may be unfounded as the vast majority of employees aged 50 and above do not intend to alter their plans because of the pension reforms. Only 8% highlighted that the freedoms will result in them retiring earlier, contrasting with the concerns employers have around loss of skills. One in ten (11%) employees over the age of 50 now think they will retire at a later date because of pension freedoms, while 9% still remain unsure as to what the eventual impact of the freedoms will be upon their retirement plans. Seven in ten (71%) stated they have no plans to retire or that the pension freedoms have not affected their expected retirement date.
Aviva’s Working Lives report also questioned 500 private sector businesses of different sizes about a number of issues, including how prepared they are to deal with changing retirement patterns following the scrapping of the Default Retirement Age and the introduction of pension freedoms. The findings suggest the majority of businesses do not have plans in place, and that they are less prepared for staff retiring later (just 25% have plans for this) than they are for staff retiring earlier (29% have plans in place).
Even among large companies (250+ employees), less than half (42%) have plans in place should their employees retire later than expected, compared to 14% across both small and medium sized businesses. Likewise, only 48% of large businesses have plans to cope with staff starting to retire sooner than expected, compared to just 17% of medium sized businesses and only 15% of small businesses.
With many over-50s facing a later retirement than they hoped, the Working Lives report nevertheless found encouraging signs that levels of job satisfaction were highest among those aged over 65. A large majority (86%) of private sector workers in that age group said they enjoy their work, compared with just 57% of those aged 18-64. A similar proportion (85%) also said they get a sense of satisfaction from work, while 81% reported being valued by their employer – again, much higher than the younger age groups combined (57%). This backs up the suggestion that there are positive reasons for people wanting to stay on at work.